Historical Retrospection


Chalcidice has a significant and remarkable history. Its history starts thousands of years before, from the famous Cave of Petralona and the relics of the Neanderthal Man who lived 100,000 years ago. The capital of Chalcidice is Polygyros. Polygyros is built on the ruins of ancient Apollonia where was found the sanctuary of Apollon Polyieros who probably gave his name to the city. During the Turkish domination, Polygyros was the center of trade and textile industry.

Stageira is a region of Chalcidice with a great history. Stageira is the birthplace of the great philosopher Aristotle who was the teacher of Alexander the Great. Ierissos is built on the beach with the homonymous name. Ierissos leads to Ouranoupoli which is the entrance to Mount Athos.

Chalcidice, thanks to its rich historical tradition gives visitors the opportunity to visit some of the most important archaeological sites of Greece, such as the ancient Stageira, the ancient Olynthus, the Cave of Petralona and many others sights. Guests can also visit the numerous archaeological and folklore museums whose great exhibits impress visitors. 
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  • Mount Athos (the Holy Mountain)
  • Ancient Stagira, the birthplace of Aristotle in Olympiad.
  • The archeological area of Olynthus
  • The archeological area of Akanthos in Ierissos
  • The Byzantine castles in Ouranoupoli, Sani, Nea Fokaia and Toroni
  • Nea Roda, the narrowest point between Mount Athos and Chalcidice. At this point, in 480 BC, Xerxes built a canal in his effort to invade Greece.
  • Poseidi, the most ancient sanctuary of Poseidon
  • Nikiti, Agios Georgios, Elia beach with their old Christian Basilicas
  • Potidaia with its medieval walls
  • Kallithea with the ruins of the Temple of Ammon Zeus
  • The museum of Polygyros

Kassandra: In Poseidi and the surrounding areas you can visit the Temple of Poseidon (after whom Poseidi was named) as well as the lighthouse situated at the end of the cape of Poseidon which was built in 1864. Nearby, you can find the settlement of Kalandra where you can visit the ancient area of Mendi.

Furthermore, it is worth visiting: 

  • The tower of Stavronikita in Sani
  • The windmill in Kassandreia
  • The lake where the turtle “Testudinata" lives, near Polychrono
  • The sanctum of Ammon Zeus and the old Christina Basilica in Kallithea
  • The ruins of the castle and the canal of Nea Potidaia
  • The Tower of Apostle Pavlos in Nea Fokaia
  • The ruins of the ancient town in Polygyros
  • The traditional houses, squares and narro

Idea Holiday

The ideal holiday destination.

IDEA Hotel is located on the staircase of Fourka, in Kassandra, Halkidiki.

Skala Fourka,
Halkidiki 63077,

E-mail: nikosvairlis@gmail.com

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